||ハーフィズ・アブルーの歴史編纂事業再考 : 『改訂版集史』を中心に
Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū’s Historiographical Enterprise Reconsidered : With a Special Reference to the Revised Edition of the Jāmi‘al-Tawārīkh
76 , 2015-12 , 東京大学東洋文化研究所
The Timurid historian Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū (d. 1430) is famous as the author of many Persian historical works under the patronage of Shāh-rukh (r. 1409-47) and his prince Bāysunghur (d. 1433). Felix Tauer enumerated six works for Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū as follows: 1. Dhayl-i Jāmi‘ al-Tawārīkh, 2. Dhayl-i Ẓafar-nāma-yi Shāmī, 3. Tārīkh-i Shāh-rukh, 4. Tārīkh (Jughrāfiyā), 5. Majmū‘a, and 6. Majma‘ al- Tawārīkh, and this enumeration has been commonly accepted by later researchers. However, as Tauer could not consult all surviving manuscripts of Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū’s works, he did not discuss one important manuscript, the Istanbul manuscript (Topkapı Palace Librar y, Ms. Hazine 1653), in the course of his complicated historiographical reconstruction. This paper is the first attempt at a codicological study of the large number of surviving manuscripts of Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū’s works (over sixty-two manuscripts). By investigating almost all known manuscripts of Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū’s works, I identified that nineteen of them cannot be classified into the above-mentioned six works. Among these nineteen manuscripts, which are copies of Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū’s another historical work, the oldest one is the Istanbul manuscript. Although the Istanbul manuscript has been identified as the autograph of the Majma‘ al-Tawārīkh in most bibliographies of Persian works, this is, in fact, a manuscript that presents a work combining the Majma‘ al-Tawārīkh and the second volume of Rashīd al-Dīn (d. 1318)’s Jāmi‘ al-Tawārīkh. Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū replaced the first part of the second volume of the Jāmi‘ al-Tawārīkh, which had been lost, with the first volume of the Majma‘ al-Tawārīkh. This manuscript can be considered as the revised edition of the Jāmi‘ al-Tawārīkh. Its contents are as follows: 1. Preface (original), 2. History of pre-Islamic prophets and rulers (from the first volume of the Majma‘ al- Tawārīkh), 3. Histor y of Muḥammad and the caliphates, Histor y of Persian independent dynasties, and History of the people of the world (from the second volume of the Jāmi‘ al-Tawārīkh). As the existence and characteristics of the revised edition of the Jāmi‘ al- Tawārīkh are not well known to researchers, this work was sometimes referred to as the Jāmi‘ al-Tawārīkh or sometimes as the Majma‘ al-Tawārīkh. Thus there is some confusion in previous studies that used this work. Therefore, I suggest that this work should be counted as an independent work by Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū apart from the six works mentioned at the beginning. By categorizing this work as Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū’s seventh historical work, we will be able to understand Ḥāfiẓ-i Abrū’s historiographical enterprise with more precision and to use his works more effectively for reconstructing the history of Persianate societies.