Departmental Bulletin Paper 話し手・聞き手を指示する英語表現 : 主体性と客体性から
"Subjectivity" and "Objectivity" in the English Expressions of a Speaker and a Listener

湯本, 久美子

36 ( . )  , pp.185 - 217 , 2015-09-30 , 東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科・文学部言語学研究室
English has many expressions referring to a speaker/listener. Not only "I" but also "you", "they", "we", proper nouns and various other words can represent a speaker and the same applies to a listener. This paper analyzes these expressions from the viewpoint of "subjectivity" and "objectivity" in the framework of Cognitive Grammar. A speaker fills two roles at one and the same time - a subjective role to observe the event and an objective role to act in the event. We will show that the pronoun, "I", focuses on a speaker's objective role with subjectivity in the background and "other expressions" place a speaker's subjective role in the foreground with objectivity in the background.
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