Departmental Bulletin Paper 『東国正韻』漢字音の重韻字表記の特徴
A Study on the Transcription of the Sino-Korean of Donggukjeongun : Mainly on "Double Rhymes"

林, 茶英

36 ( . )  , pp.73 - 92 , 2015-09-30 , 東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科・文学部言語学研究室 , Department of Linguistics, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, Faculty of Letters, The University of Tokyo
ISSN:13458663
NCID:AN10148796
Description
論文 Articles
本稿の目的は『東国正韻』漢字音における重韻字の中声表記に関する修正基準を解明し、『東国正査員』漢字音の中声表記が現実漢字音のそれをほぼそのまま受け入れているという事実を明証することにある。全体で7ペアの重韻のうち、通摂1等韻、咸摂1、2等韻、山摂2等韻の場合、『東国正韻』漢字音と現実漢字音の中声表記の聞に差がほとんど見られなかった。それに対して蟹摂1,2等韻や梗摂2等韻の『東国正韻』漢字音の場合、一見現実漢字音を修正しているように見える。しかし、2種類の漢字音を比較した結果、開口の場合、『東国正韻』漢字音が現実漢字音の傾向を大部分反映しており、現実漢字音に主な傾向が見られない場合に限ってそれらの字を等によって分韻したということが明らかになった。それに対して、合口及び唇音声母字の場合、『東国正韻』では現実漢字音を受け入れず、最初から等によって分韻していると見られる。それは『東国正韻』の編者らが円唇の資質を持っている字に限って開口とは異なる修正基準を建てていたということを示している。
This study aims to clarify the correction rules of Donggukjeongun and prove the medial of Sino-Korean of Donggukjeongun, the revised version of Sino-Korean, basically followed those of the traditional Sino-Korean at the time. As for the first Grade of Tong-She, the first and second Grade of Xian-She, the second Grade of Shan-She, there was not much difference between the medial sounds of Donggukjejongun and the corresponding traditional Sino-Korean medial sounds for these rhymes. However, in the case of the first and second Grade of Xie-She and the second Grade of Geng-She, the medial sounds of Donggukjejongun for these rhymes apparently did not follow the traditional Sino-Korean system. In order to explain this difference, this study closely compared the two Sino-Korean systems and it was revealed that the Donggukjejongun medial sounds of Kaikou for these rhymes basically followed the patterns found in the traditional Sino-Korean system, but if any specific pattern was found, such characters were arranged according to the Grade. Also, it was revealed that the Donggukjejongun medial sounds of Hekou and characters with a labial initial, on the other hand, did not follow traditional Sino-Korean and were arranged according to the Grade. This means that a kind of special treatment for the characters with a [+rounded] feature was required in the correction process.
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