Departmental Bulletin Paper 品詞分類の影に隠れた一般化
Generalizations Masked by Traditional Parts of Speech

石塚, 政行

36 ( . )  , pp.57 - 71 , 2015-09-30 , 東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科・文学部言語学研究室 , Department of Linguistics, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, Faculty of Letters, The University of Tokyo , 日本学術振興会
論文 Articles
Traditional parts-of-speech analysis, characterized as lexical categorization according to distribution, has a serious problem whose root is the distributional analysis itself. Usual measures to cope with the problem, i.e. subclassification and multi-membership, force analysts to choose a portion of various grammatical criteria, often without clear basis. This situation tends to hide low-level and/or cross-cutting generalizations. In this paper I present two of this kind of hidden generalizations in Basque: (1) copulative complements of individual-level predicates have a different form from those of stage-level predicates. Individual-level complements have the same form as adnominals, while stage-level complements are the same in form as adverbials or depictives; (2) the comparative -ago can be suffixed to adjectives, adverbs, nouns, postpositions, and even verbs. Whether or not a given word can be accompanied by the comparative suffix depends on whether its meaning can be construed as gradable.

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