【2014年度若手研究者育成プロジェクト（Young Scholars Training Program）Joint International Symposium with Stockholm University “Education in the Era of Globalization”】 プロジェクト採択者ワーキングペーパー（高度化センターHP に掲載のものを再掲） This article aims to comparatively analyse parental participation systems in schoolrunning in Japan and England from the perspective of how parental responsibility and parental wills are reflected and realised in school-running. First the author classifies parental participation systems at both local authority and school level in each country. The author secondly describes the actual situations in England through his observation of 5 meetings of school governing body and its committee, focusing on its agenda and procedure, the role of a chair of governors and a clerk, the difference between a full governing body and a committee meeting and characteristics of the good governing body. The author thirdly deals with Schools Forum in England through interviews with a chair and an officer, examining how it chooses or elects its members in paying attention to the wills of parents. The author argues additional research is needed to further consider whether or not these systems in England can collect and reflect parental voices in school-running, whilst there are more various systems for parents to be involved in England than in Japan.