||妊娠期の虐待不安に影響を及ぼす要因の検討 : ソーシャル・サポートを中心に
Investigating the Factors Affecting Abuse Anxiety during the Pregnancy : Focusing on Social Support-
302 , 2015-03-31 , 東京大学大学院教育学研究科
The purpose of this study was to investigate the following two questions about “ abuse anxiety”, which is a new subcategory of parental anxiety; 1) Do pregnant mothers hold abuse anxiety? 2) What factors affect abuse anxiety held during pregnancy? For this study, I surveyed 183 pregnant mothers during pregnancy checkups at hospitals. To answer the first question, I calculated the percentage of participants who replied “ agree” or “ completely agree” to each of the abuse anxiety scale items. For example, about 22% mothers were afraid of being abusive, depending on the situation. Next, I examined what factors affect abuse anxiety by using multiple linear regression analysis. The result indicated that trait anxiety and parental help, which is a subcategory of parental social support, predicted abuse anxiety. In addition, pregnant mothers'employment status was also predictable. Thus the results suggest that supporting mother-tobes from outside the family and also providing them something to engage in, may be useful in order to reduce their abuse anxiety. Future research is needed to reveal how abuse anxiety develops within pregnant mothers and how it relates to their parenting.