13 , 2015-03-31 , 東京大学大学院教育学研究科 , The Graduate School of Education, University of Tokyo , 東京大学大学院教育学研究科基礎教育学コース , 日本学術振興会特別研究員
Mesmerism or animal magnetism, which a German-born heterodox physician, Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) founded, was the therapy by so called “magnetic fluid”. Since nineteenth century, people have become suspicious of the existence of magnetic fluid and mesmerism's medical efficacy. But afterword, mesmerism continued to have important effects on the cultural history from the era down to modern times, for instance in the fields of opera, ballet, literature, paintings, social thought, psychoanalysis, alternative medicine, etc. This paper discusses the cultural morphology of mesmerism and mesmeric representations from W. A. Mozart to Kurosawa Kiyoshi, a cineaste in modern Japan.