Departmental Bulletin Paper 東関東における縄文時代後・晩期の竪穴住居儀礼
Pit Dwelling Rituals in Late and Final Jomon Period of East Kanto Region

西村, 広経

29pp.25 - 60 , 2015-03-29 , 東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科・文学部考古学研究室
Variety and large amounts of ritual goods excavated in the ruins of Late and Final Jomon period indicate that ritual acts have been actively carried out. This paper dealt with 11 ritual goods excavated in the pit dwellings in Late and Final Jomon period (from the phase of Kasori-B1 type pottery to that of Angyo-3d type) of East Kanto region and examined the appearance of pit dwelling rituals. The analysis of ritual goods in pit dwellings has indicated that these ritual goods increased in number and varied from terminal phase of Late Jomon Period through the beginning of Final Jomon. Moreover, there is correlation between the pit dwelling rituals and the scale of pit dwellings. The bigger the pit dwellings are, the more remarkable the evidence of ritual is. In addition, a number of the ritual goods from pit dwelling are often more recent or older ritual goods than dwelling itself. These facrs, in this paper, were interpreted as the trace of rituals using pit dwellings that have been already been abandoned and ritual goods of the past that are no longer already used. These traces have been remarkable since terminal phase of Late Jomon. From the above, this paper concludes that pit dwelling rituals in East Kanto have been active and various since this stage.

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