Departmental Bulletin Paper Effects of Physical-Cognitive Therapy (PCT) on Criticaly ill Patients in Intensive Care Unit

Suwardianto, Heru  ,  Prasetyo, Awal  ,  Utami, Reni Sulung

67pp.63 - 69 , 2018-05 , Hiroshima University Medical Press
The condition of Criticaly ill patients in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) can make heavier impairment physical and cognitive functions. The research objective is to prove that physical-cognitive therapy affects towards increasing physical and cognitive functions to critical patients in ICU. The research design was Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs). The samples were critical patients in ICU of Kediri Baptist Hospital as many as 64 critical patients according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The research has got ethical clearance from Commite Ethic Medical Faculty of Diponegoro University. The research instrument used Physical Function ICU Test (PFIT) Indonesian Version and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Indonesian Version. Differential test used Independent t-test on physical function and Mann-Whitney test on cognitive function towards intervention group and control group. The results showed that physical-cognitive therapy significantly affected increasing physical function (ρ = 0,000) with mean increased of 3.2 points and cognitive function (ρ = 0,000) with mean increased of 7.3 points. The difference test of influence between the intervention group and the control group was done by testing the posttest data on physical function (ρ = 0,000) and cognitive function (ρ = 0,000) in both groups. Effect size > 0.8 (Physical Function: 3,2; Cognitive Function: 1,9). In conclusion, there was affecting physical-cognitive therapy towards increasing physical and cognitive functions to critical patients in ICU.

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