||日本語学習者は聴解においてどのような情報に注意を向けるか : 聴解時の教示操作とテキスト読解時の視線分析を用いた実験的検討
What Information do Japanese Learners Pay Attention to When Listening: An Experimental Analysis through Instruction Manipulation and Eye-tracking during Reading
松見, 法男 ,
徐, 婕 ,
徐, 暢柳本, 大地
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域
118 , 2017-12-22 , 広島大学大学院教育学研究科
This study aimed to illustrate what information Japanese language learners pay attention to during a listening exercise. We analyzed eye movement to identify the information that Chinese students learning Japanese pay attention to when listening to text. The results showed that the detailed-information instruction group had a longer reading time and a highertotal and keyword fixations than the entire-information instruction group. The participants under detail-information instruction paid more attention to words and phrases with a bottomup strategy during the listening exercise. In contrast, those in the entire-information instruction group paid little attention to detail, skipped through the text and utilized a top-down strategy during the exercise. In conclusion, the results of the experiment indicate that selective attention methods diff er according to listening consciousness.