This study examines the influencing factors on the decision to undergo prenatal diagnosis while pregnant, and the intention to give birth when a positive result is obtained in prenatal diagnosis. A questionnaire survey was conducted with 250 students at an undergraduate and graduate school. The majority of respondents studied at the faculty of education. A total of 153 students stated that they had sought a prenatal diagnosis, with 82 answering that, “I gave birth regardless of the result of the prenatal diagnosis. However, I wanted to prepare myself once I had given birth by knowing the result of the prenatal diagnosis”. Because the majority of respondents provided this answer, it was thought that the target respondents in the present study properly understood the purpose of prenatal diagnosis. Moreover, 64.2% of the students answered that they “gave birth”, and this ratio was higher than in a previous study. This result suggested the importance of a previous positive experience with children and adults with disabilities. As a result of the analysis by Quantification Theory Type II, it is suggested that it is important to promote talent who learn independently and receives information about prenatal diagnosis. Future research needs to identify those factorsthat clearly infl uence the desire for consultations and birth intentions.