This paper deals with the various meanings of 'Hiroshima' in a specific historical context by examining the experiences of Chinese international students who attended the universities now known as Hiroshima University and survived the atomic bombing. When the atomic bomb detonated over Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, 12 Chinese students enrolled in the predecessor universities of Hiroshima University were exposed to the bombing. However, the fact of their exposure is not generally known. Therefore, this paper reexamines the actual situation of the atomic bombing faced by the Chinese students. In addition, we will examine the global meaning of 'Hiroshima' from the perspective of globalization.