Journal Article 中学校国語教科書における説明的文章教材のカリキュラム性 : 平成28年度版第1学年にみる「事実と意見」の表現から

舟橋, 秀晃

2pp.239 - 248 , 2016-03-15 , 大和大学
According to the Instruction Items in the Course of Study, Japanese language courses should teach how to distinguish "facts" from "opinions" in expository reading material. Though gradualism is indispensable, many teachers from primary to lower secondary schools seem to repeat a same explanation and classroom activity. This study aims to see the gradualism in expository reading materials on textbooks for the first grade in lower secondary school. Nineteen materials on 2016 Edition Japanese language textbooks from five publishers were chosen and "facts" and "opinions" representation in the expository reading materials were analyzed.The result shows that there is a gradual shift among the materials through the first year in lower secondary school; the materials for earlier semesters include more explicit factual representation such as the mechanisms or the causal relations of events that people already accept as "facts" and the later part of the textbooks includes more subjective representation where the distinction between "facts" and "opinions" are not very explicit. This finding suggests that teachers should start teaching the distinction between "facts" and "opinions" with objective materials and shift to more subjective materials to guide students to be a better learner.

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