Outline of the Law on Social Protection of Citizens Suffered from Nuclear Tests in Semipalatinsk Conducted by the Former Soviet Union
竹峰, 誠一郎 ,
川野, 徳幸 ,
93 , 2016-03 , 広島大学平和科学研究センター
The former Soviet Union conducted totally 456 nuclear tests between 1949 and 1989 in Semipalatinsk, Republic of Kazakhstan. What does a state support system exist to the people suffering the Semipalatinsk nuclear testing by the former Soviet Union?This paper analyzes a law on social protection of citizens suffered from nuclear tests in Semipalatinsk which Republic of Kazakhstan established in 1992 and revised in 2013. It prescribes the main measures Kazakhstan state provides social benefits and protection to people who suffered from the atomic / hydrogen bombs tests.Based on the social protection act, the present paper aims to describe the outline of the welfare support system to the survivors of the Semipalatinsk nuclear explosions with the view of comparison with Atomic Bomb Survivors' Assistance Act in Japan.In the beginning, we discuss the legal recognition where are environmental affected zone and who are the nuclear suffers. Then we introduce the state support system for victims of the nuclear tests in Kazakhstan based on the law.