Departmental Bulletin Paper 試行錯誤し工夫しながら遊ぶための環境・援助とは : 5歳児における作って遊ぶ活動に焦点をあてて

君岡, 智央

6pp.45 - 50 , 2016-03-28 , 広島大学附属三原幼稚園 , 広島大学附属三原小学校 , 広島大学附属三原中学校
ISSN:2185-5242
Description
本研究の目的は,5歳児が最も好んでいる身近な素材や道具などを用いた「作って遊ぶ活動」に焦点をあて,試行錯誤し工夫しながら遊ぶための環境構成や援助を明らかにすることである。検証の方法は,5歳児が身近な素材や道具を用いて作って遊ぶ活動をしている様子,教師が行った環境構成や援助を記録し,実践事例として書き起こす。この実践事例を保育カンファレンスと筆者自身の実践事例の考察により,行った環境構成や援助が適切であったかを検討し,明らかにする。実践を重ねていく中で,試行錯誤し工夫しながら遊ぶための環境援助として,①過去のアイデアを思い出して,新たなアイデアを生むような言葉かけ,②発想が広がるように素材の出し方を工夫した環境構成,③“やってみたい”という意欲が湧くように教師がモデルを示という,3点が明らかになった。
The purpose of this study is to reveal structures of environment and assistance in which five-year-old children play planning through trial and errors focusing on the most preferred "artistic play activities", with materials and tools around them. The methods of investigation are recording and writing down the circumstances in which five-year-old children do artistic play activities with materials and tools around them and structures of environment and assistance done by teachers as practical examples. Whether the environmental structure and assistance in these examples were appropriate or not was investigated by the teachers' conference and discussing these examples. As we accumulated practices, we found three points: 1. how to speak to children so that they could recall previous ideas and create new ones; 2. environmental structures planned how to show materials in order to make their ideas wider; 3. teachers' demonstrations of models so that children become curious of feelings of ''they want to try'' as environmental help for children playing planning through trial and error.
Full-Text

http://ir.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/files/public/39630/20160408132909572216/MiharaEIKenkyukiyo_6_45.pdf

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