Journal Article 地理学者がおこなう「真正な実践」の解明 : 地理教師による教材研究のための地理学論文の読み解きに示唆するもの

大坂, 遊  ,  岡橋, 秀典  ,  草原, 和博

(2)  , pp.79 - 94 , 2015-03-31 , 学習システム促進研究センター (RIDLS)
The current study focused on a research study conducted by a geographer, and aimed to understand “What are the aspects of learning process that are unique to geographers?” and “How can we apply the processes to a geography teacher’s reading of a geography research paper for the purpose of teaching material studies?” For that purpose, the current manuscript analyzed the processes and the background of writing of a geography research paper through an analysis of composition and construction of the paper, and conducted an interview with its author. The focus of this investigation was “Transformation of Himalayan Mountain Village under India’s Rapid Economic Growth: Case Study of Uttarakhand State” (Okahashi et al., 2011), a geography research paper that disseminated the regional research of modern India, and the research of its lead author Dr. Hidenori Okahashi. The analysis indicated that the processes of paper completion consisted of the following 5 stages; “constructing a research design,” “preparation and execution of field research,” “reflection and interpretation,” “refinement of the framework of regional image,” and “writing.” There were aspects of paper writing that were unique to a “micro” geographer, which included “learning from the field and collaborators” and “learning from data.” There also were aspects of paper writing that were unique to “macro” geographer, which included “learning from other researchers” and “learning from one’s own experience.” Based on these findings, we made 4 proposals as important viewpoints and methods in reading a geography paper as part of a teaching material study, which were, to “take note of the titles of the paper and its chapters,” “focus on the evidence that produced interpretation, and its collection method,” “take note of references, annotations, and special notes,” and to “pay attention to the context behind the paper.”

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