中華民国初期における国文科教育関係者の国語教育意識 : 教育関係雑誌を素材に中華民国初期における国文科教育関係者の国語教育意識 : 教育関係雑誌を素材にAA11625039 The Vernacular Chinese Education Consciousness of Classical Chinese Related Educators in the Early Republic of China : Take Educational Magazines as an Example
Ministry of Education changed the subject Classical Chinese to Vernacular Chinese in January of 1920. It represents the impermanent surpass of Classical Chinese over Vernacular Chinese. However, since 1924, anti-Vernacular Chinese force commenced an advocation for Classical Chinese Education. How and why did this reversal happen? This essay focuses on the Vernacular Chinese education consciousness of Classical Chinese related educators at that time, and investigates inherent causes of this retro trend by analyzing the ideological basis of establishing the subject Vernacular Chinese. Academic resources include articles republished in The Education Magazine and The Chung Hua Educational Review during 1912 to 1919, when Vernacular Chinese subject had not yet been established. This is to analyze the reception of Vernacular Chinese Education in educational circles, in particular, the Classical Chinese teachers through finding the opinions reflected in these two magazines. The essay concludes that the educators have already had an understanding about the importance of Vernacular Chinese teaching in the Classical Chinese subject and they had accumulated teaching experience which benefitted from Japanese Education. On the contrary, the proposition of changing the subject Classical Chinese to Vernacular Chinese, there was divide between the teachers. Therefore, they did not show much high consciousness in Vernacular Chinese Education. This explains that the idea that the establishment of Vernacular Chinese as a subject was not solid. This among other reasons, explains why the retro trend afterwards rose up.