Journal Article Analysis of constant-volume shear tests based on precise measurement of stresses in powder beds

Shimada, Yasuhiro  ,  Kawata, Takumu  ,  Matsusaka, Shuji

29 ( 6 )  , pp.1372 - 1378 , 2018-06 , Elsevier BV
This study demonstrates a new constant-volume shear test configuration to analyze the stresses in powder beds and evaluate powder flowability. A novel cylindrical shear cell geometry and load cell arrangement allowed precise measurement of the normal stress acting on the shear planes of the powder beds. The stress transmission ratio between the top and shear planes decreased with increasing ratio of the powder bed height in the upper section of the shear cell to the shear cell diameter. This was due to friction between the powder bed and the side wall of the upper section of the shear cell. Using the measured values of the normal stress on the shear planes, the effects of the powder bed height and shear cell diameter were eliminated from the data. In addition, to evaluate the shear properties of the powder beds, the powder yield locus, consolidation yield locus, critical state line, shear cohesion, and void fraction were obtained from a single shear test. The powder yield locus data were used to obtain flow functions.

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