||<Articles>The Extension of State Power and Negotiations of the Villagers in Northeast Thailand
Promphakping, Ninlawadee ,
Thongyou, ManiemaiChamruspanth, Viyouth
422 , 2017-12 , Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University
This article is part of a Sociology dissertation in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen University, titled "The Construction of Social Space by the Thai Nation Development Cooperators of the Phutai Ethnic Group."
This article explores the extension of state power through which local people are controlled, and the ways in which local people deal with and face this control. A Phutai (ผู้ไท) ethnic community in Northeast Thailand, which at one time sided with the Communist Party of Thailand and was thus referred to as a "Communist village, " was selected to serve as the study site. Data collection was by the qualitative method through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. The study found that the expansion of state power to seize a locality at two different times met with different types of responses and negotiations from the local people. In the late nineteenth century the Thai state, responding to the presence of Western colonial powers, was able to assert its control over local communities through various administrative changes, for example, through state-appointed village heads and the taxcollection system. In this way, the state was able to integrate most outpost areas under its control and avoid being colonized by Western powers. In the twentieth century state power was again seriously contested, this time by the presence and growing influence of Communism in rural areas. However, the state regained political space after the decline of Communism. This paper argues that within the political space that was under the control of the state, local people were able to find their own ways to deal with state power as they constantly negotiated by using their history of involvement with the Communist Party of Thailand.