Departmental Bulletin Paper <高等教育の動向>学位プログラム化の要件 --大学教員のエキスパート・ジャッジメントの涵養--
<Trends of Higher Education (Invited Paper)>Fostering Faculty Expert Judgment: A Necessary Condition for Degree Program Development

深堀, 聰子

23pp.85 - 96 , 2017-12-01 , 京都大学高等教育研究開発推進センター
A degree program represents a set of courses and modules organized in a way best fit for students to achieve the learning outcomes required to be awarded the degree. Developing degree programs requires a shift in approach from faculty-centered to student-centered, where curriculum represents not the comprehensive listing of courses and modules offered by the faculty, but rather the parsimonious set of courses and modules actually taken by the students. This paper will describe the principles of degree program design by focusing on the experience of Tuning, a European initiative pursued by faculty in response to the 1999 Bologna Declaration. The paper will argue that the development of faculty expert judgment is critically important to substantiate the implementation of degree programs. Examples of efforts taking place in the United States, Europe, and Japan aiming to develop such expert judgment will be introduced. A concrete level recommendation for the implementation of degree programs within the context of Japanese higher education policy includes a persistent effort towards developing faculty expert judgment, thereby fostering within higher education institutions an organizational culture that value learning outcomes-based education.

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