Journal Article Palbociclib in combination with letrozole as first-line treatment for advanced breast cancer: A Japanese phase II study

Masuda, Norikazu  ,  Nishimura, Reiki  ,  Takahashi, Masato  ,  Inoue, Kenichi  ,  Ohno, Shinji  ,  Iwata, Hiroji  ,  Mori, Yuko  ,  Hashigaki, Satoshi  ,  Muramatsu, Yasuaki  ,  Nagasawa, Takashi  ,  Umeyama, Yoshiko  ,  Toi, Masakazu

109 ( 3 )  , pp.803 - 813 , 2018-03-03 , Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1347-9032
Description
This single‐arm, open‐label, phase II study in 42 Japanese postmenopausal patients with estrogen receptor‐positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2‐negative (ER+/HER2−) advanced breast cancer evaluated the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of first‐line palbociclib (125 mg once daily, 3 weeks on/1 week off) coadministered with letrozole (2.5 mg once daily). Primary endpoint of investigator‐assessed 1‐year progression‐free survival (PFS) probability was 75.0% (90% CI, 61.3%‐84.4%), far surpassing the 40% lower limit of the 90% CI supporting efficacy. Median duration of treatment was 438 days. Among secondary efficacy measures, median PFS was not reached (95% CI, 16.7: not estimable), 17/42 patients (40.5%) had an objective response, 36/42 (85.7%) maintained disease control, and 27/42 (64.3%) remained in follow‐up. Median overall survival was not reached, and 1‐year survival probability was 92.9% (95% CI, 79.5%‐97.6%). Results of intensive pharmacokinetics in a subset of 6 patients showed palbociclib steady‐state mean area under the plasma concentration‐time curve over the dosing interval [τ] and mean maximum plasma concentration were 1979 ng·h/mL and 124.7 ng/mL, respectively. For day 15 plasma samples from cycles 1 and 2, geometric mean of the within‐patient mean trough concentration was 90.1 ng/mL. The most common treatment‐related adverse events were neutropenia (100%) and stomatitis (73.8%). There was 1 case of treatment‐related febrile neutropenia. Toxicities were generally tolerated and manageable by dose modifications and/or medical care. Efficacy and safety of first‐line palbociclib plus letrozole therapy is supported in Japanese postmenopausal patients with treatment‐naive ER+/HER2− advanced breast cancer.
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http://repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2433/230440/1/cas.13507.pdf

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