||Simple mechanosense and response of cilia motion reveal the intrinsic habits of ciliates
Ohmura, Takuya ,
Nishigami, Yukinori ,
Taniguchi, Atsushi ,
Nonaka, Shigenori ,
Manabe, Junichi ,
Ishikawa, TakujiIchikawa, Masatoshi
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
3236 , 2018-03-27 , National Academy of Sciences
簡単な物理モデルで解き明かす微生物の生存戦略 --繊毛虫テトラヒメナの壁面付近への集積メカニズムを解明--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2018-03-22.
An important habit of ciliates, namely, their behavioral preference for walls, is revealed through experiments and hydrodynamic simulations. A simple mechanical response of individual ciliary beating (i.e., the beating is stalled by the cilium contacting a wall) can solely determine the sliding motion of the ciliate along the wall and result in a wall-preferring behavior. Considering ciliate ethology, this mechanosensing system is likely an advantage in the single cell’s ability to locate nutrition. In other words, ciliates can skillfully use both the sliding motion to feed on a surface and the traveling motion in bulk water to locate new surfaces according to the single “swimming” mission.