Journal Article Classifiers and their Metrics Quantified

Brown, J. B.

37 ( 1-2 ) 2018-01 , Wiley-VCH Verlag
その人工知能は本当に信頼できるのか? --人工知能の性能を正確に評価する方法を開発--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2018-03-05.
Molecular modeling frequently constructs classification models for the prediction of two-class entities, such as compound bio(in)activity, chemical property (non)existence, protein (non)interaction, and so forth. The models are evaluated using well known metrics such as accuracy or true positive rates. However, these frequently used metrics applied to retrospective and/or artificially generated prediction datasets can potentially overestimate true performance in actual prospective experiments. Here, we systematically consider metric value surface generation as a consequence of data balance, and propose the computation of an inverse cumulative distribution function taken over a metric surface. The proposed distribution analysis can aid in the selection of metrics when formulating study design. In addition to theoretical analyses, a practical example in chemogenomic virtual screening highlights the care required in metric selection and interpretation.

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