Departmental Bulletin Paper <特集論文 3>調査法としての身体経験 -- フィールドワーク教育の実践とその可能性
Experience Based on Somatic Sensation as Research Method : Practice and Possibility of Ethnographic Field Work Education

大西, 秀之

9 ( 2017 )  , pp.371 - 385 , 2017-12-31 , 京都大学大学院人間・環境学研究科 文化人類学分野
It is never an exaggeration to say that ethnographic field work, commonly called participant observation, is not only a powerful research method but also one of the raison d'etre for social and cultural anthropology. However, learning and comprehension of that method is not so easy because its methodology and/or program has not yet been completely established as an official manual, curriculum, or something similar that can be shared within the wider anthropological community. This paper examines contributions and possibilities for anthropological study through ethnographic field work education, based on my educational practices at a liberal arts college. This examination shows that lecturing on methods and the instruction of practices concerned with ethnographic field work leads us to recognize the importance of experience based on somatic sensation arising from socio-cultural understanding. At the same time, conducting ethnographic field work education with ordinary students often also gives new perspectives about various phases of our sociocultural daily life, and/or anthropological methodology, to lecturers, including anthropologists. From these findings, it leads to the conclusion that educating students in ethnographic field work, through lecturing and instructing them in the research methodology utilizing somatic sensation, can contribute to the rethinking and reconstruction of not only participant observation but also anthropological studies.

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