||An infrared actin probe for deep-cell electroporation-based single-molecule speckle (eSiMS) microscopy
Yamashiro, SawakoWatanabe, Naoki
2017-07-01 , MDPI AG
Single-molecule speckle (SiMS) microscopy is a powerful method to directly elucidate biochemical reactions in live cells. However, since the signal from an individual fluorophore is extremely faint, the observation area by epi-fluorescence microscopy is restricted to the thin cell periphery to reduce autofluorescence, or only molecules near the plasma membrane are visualized by total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy. Here, we introduce a new actin probe labeled with near infrared (NIR) emissive CF680R dye for easy-to-use, electroporation-based SiMS microscopy (eSiMS) for deep-cell observation. CF680R-labeled actin (CF680R-actin) incorporated into actin structures and showed excellent brightness and photostability suitable for single-molecule imaging. Importantly, the intensity of autofluorescence with respect to SiMS brightness was reduced to approximately 13% compared to DyLight 550-labeled actin (DL550-actin). CF680R-actin enabled the monitoring of actin SiMS in actomyosin bundles associated with adherens junctions (AJs) located at 3.5–4 µm above the basal surfaces of epithelial monolayers. These favorable properties of CF680R-actin extend the application of eSiMS to actin turnover and flow analyses in deep cellular structures.