Journal Article Direct estimation of de novo mutation rates in a chimpanzee parent-offspring trio by ultra-deep whole genome sequencing

Tatsumoto, Shoji  ,  Go, Yasuhiro  ,  Fukuta, Kentaro  ,  Noguchi, Hideki  ,  Hayakawa, Takashi  ,  Tomonaga, Masaki  ,  Hirai, Hirohisa  ,  Matsuzawa, Tetsuro  ,  Agata, Kiyokazu  ,  Fujiyama, Asao

72017-11-01 , Springer Nature
チンパンジー親子トリオ(父親-母親-息子)の 全ゲノム配列を高精度で解明. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2017-11-02.
Mutations generate genetic variation and are a major driving force of evolution. Therefore, examining mutation rates and modes are essential for understanding the genetic basis of the physiology and evolution of organisms. Here, we aim to identify germline de novo mutations through the whole-genome surveyance of Mendelian inheritance error sites (MIEs), those not inherited through the Mendelian inheritance manner from either of the parents, using ultra-deep whole genome sequences (>150-fold) from a chimpanzee parent-offspring trio. We identified such 889 MIEs and classified them into four categories based on the pattern of inheritance and the sequence read depth: [i] de novo single nucleotide variants (SNVs), [ii] copy number neutral inherited variants, [iii] hemizygous deletion inherited variants, and [iv] de novo copy number variants (CNVs). From de novo SNV candidates, we estimated a germline de novo SNV mutation rate as 1.48 × 10−8 per site per generation or 0.62 × 10−9 per site per year. In summary, this study demonstrates the significance of ultra-deep whole genome sequencing not only for the direct estimation of mutation rates but also for discerning various mutation modes including de novo allelic conversion and de novo CNVs by identifying MIEs through the transmission of genomes from parents to offspring.

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