||Trends in Hybrid Tomato Seed Production under Contract Farming in Northeast Thailand
Rural Northeast Thailand in Transition: Recent Changes and Their Implications for the Long-Term Transformation of the Region
Chalee, Gedgaew ,
Suchint, SimaraksRambo, A. Terry
355 , 2017-08 , Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University
Hybrid tomato seed production after rice is a way of intensifying agriculture in rainfed areas in Northeast Thailand. Although this type of intensive high-value contract farming has been developing for the last 30 years, there has been little research on it. This study describes the historical development of this system and identifies factors influencing increases and decreases in the number of production sites and farmers producing hybrid tomato seeds. Although production of hybrid tomato seeds was initially adopted by a large number of farmers in many villages in both rainfed and irrigated areas, in recent years it has been carried out only in a smaller number of villages, mostly in rainfed areas. The decision of growers to continue or discontinue production is influenced by both the benefit they gain from production and their relations with the seed companies. The local availability of highly skilled hired workers also affects the concentration of production in certain sites.