Journal Article Collective motion of cells crawling on a substrate: roles of cell shape and contact inhibition

Schnyder, Simon K.  ,  Molina, John J.  ,  Tanaka, Yuki  ,  Yamamoto, Ryoichi

72017-07-12 , Springer Nature
細胞が集団で動く仕組みを探る --コンピュータシミュレーションによるメカニズム解明--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2017-07-13.
Contact inhibition plays a crucial role in cell motility, wound healing, and tumour formation. By mimicking the mechanical motion of cells crawling on a substrate, we constructed a minimal model of migrating cells that naturally gives rise to contact inhibition of locomotion (CIL). The model cell consists of two disks, a front disk (a pseudopod) and a back disk (cell body), which are connected by a finite extensible spring. Despite the simplicity of the model, the collective behaviour of the cells is highly non-trivial and depends on both the shape of the cells and whether CIL is enabled. Cells with a small front disk (i.e., a narrow pseudopod) form immobile colonies. In contrast, cells with a large front disk (e.g., a lamellipodium) exhibit coherent migration without any explicit alignment mechanism in the model. This result suggests that crawling cells often exhibit broad fronts because this helps facilitate alignment. After increasing the density, the cells develop density waves that propagate against the direction of cell migration and finally stop at higher densities.

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