Journal Article Regnase-1 Maintains Iron Homeostasis via the Degradation of Transferrin Receptor 1 and Prolyl-Hydroxylase-Domain-Containing Protein 3 mRNAs

Yoshinaga, Masanori  ,  Nakatsuka, Yoshinari  ,  Vandenbon, Alexis  ,  Ori, Daisuke  ,  Uehata, Takuya  ,  Tsujimura, Tohru  ,  Suzuki, Yutaka  ,  Mino, Takashi  ,  Takeuchi, Osamu

19 ( 8 )  , pp.1614 - 1630 , 2017-05-23 , Elsevier BV
腸で鉄の吸収を調節するメカニズムの一端を解明 -- 貧血時に鉄吸収を促進するフィードバック機構を発見--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2017-05-24.
Iron metabolism is regulated by transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. The mRNA of the iron-controlling gene, transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), has long been believed to be negatively regulated by a yet-unidentified endonuclease. Here, we show that the endonuclease Regnase-1 is critical for the degradation of mRNAs involved in iron metabolism in vivo. First, we demonstrate that Regnase-1 promotes TfR1 mRNA decay. Next, we show that Regnase-1−/− mice suffer from severe iron deficiency anemia, although hepcidin expression is downregulated. The iron deficiency anemia is induced by a defect in duodenal iron uptake. We reveal that duodenal Regnase-1 controls the expression of PHD3, which impairs duodenal iron uptake via HIF2α suppression. Finally, we show that Regnase-1 is a HIF2α-inducible gene and thus provides a positive feedback loop for HIF2α activation via PHD3. Collectively, these results demonstrate that Regnase-1-mediated regulation of iron-related transcripts is essential for the maintenance of iron homeostasis.

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