Journal Article A bacterial ABC transporter enables import of mammalian host glycosaminoglycans

Oiki, Sayoko  ,  Mikami, Bunzo  ,  Maruyama, Yukie  ,  Murata, Kousaku  ,  Hashimoto, Wataru

72017-04-21 , Springer Nature
細菌によるコンドロイチン分解・吸収機構の実体解明--感染症に対する予防や治療薬の開発に期待--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2017-04-24.
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), such as hyaluronan, chondroitin sulfate, and heparin, constitute mammalian extracellular matrices. The uronate and amino sugar residues in hyaluronan and chondroitin sulfate are linked by 1, 3-glycoside bond, while heparin contains 1, 4-glycoside bond. Some bacteria target GAGs as means of establishing colonization and/or infection, and bacterial degradation mechanisms of GAGs have been well characterized. However, little is known about the bacterial import of GAGs. Here, we show a GAG import system, comprised of a solute-binding protein (Smon0123)-dependent ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, in the pathogenic Streptobacillus moniliformis. A genetic cluster responsible for depolymerization, degradation, and metabolism of GAGs as well as the ABC transporter system was found in the S. moniliformis genome. This bacterium degraded hyaluronan and chondroitin sulfate with an expression of the genetic cluster, while heparin repressed the bacterial growth. The purified recombinant Smon0123 exhibited an affinity with disaccharides generated from hyaluronan and chondroitin sulfate. X-ray crystallography indicated binding mode of Smon0123 to GAG disaccharides. The purified recombinant ABC transporter as a tetramer (Smon0121-Smon0122/Smon0120-Smon0120) reconstructed in liposomes enhanced its ATPase activity in the presence of Smon0123 and GAG disaccharides. This is the first report that has molecularly depicted a bacterial import system of both sulfated and non-sulfated GAGs.

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