Comment 3: Ethnoveterinary and Slaughtering Practices Can Contribute to Development and Drought Response in Pastoral AreasComment 3: Ethnoveterinary and Slaughtering Practices Can Contribute to Development and Drought Response in Pastoral AreasAA10636379
164 , 2017-03 , The Research Committee for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Research by university professors of Japan on humanitarian assistance in East Africa focused on the concept of the articulation sphere which is the local and the universal. The concept of the articulation sphere is to be appreciated in future humanitarian assistance as the assistance will continue due to recurrent drought and other hazards in pastoral areas. One area of focus is the use of ethno-veterinary that was not touched by the researchers. During drought pastoralists try to save their animals through mobility in search of grazing material and water. They treat their animals using local herbs and other materials available in their areas. They take their animals to salt pan and mineral soil site to deter ticks and mange mites. Government policy of encouraging voluntary sedenterization restricts traditional practices which were based on mobility. Ethno-veterinary/traditional veterinary practices knowledge requires documentation for future research as the knowledge is transmitted verbally. Government veterinary service intensifies vaccinations against highly morbid diseases and treatment against internal and external parasites during period of drought. Slaughtering of nonbreeding animals and feeding targeted breeding animals is an intervention done by FARMAfrica in Afar during the drought.