Journal Article Earliest datable records of aurora-like phenomena in the astronomical diaries from Babylonia

Hayakawa, Hisashi  ,  Mitsuma, Yasuyuki  ,  Ebihara, Yusuke  ,  Kawamura, Akito Davis  ,  Miyahara, Hiroko  ,  Tamazawa, Harufumi  ,  Isobe, Hiroaki

682016-12-01 , Springer Berlin
The astronomical diaries from Babylonia (ADB) are excellent sources of information of natural phenomena, including astronomical ones, in pre-Christ era because it contains the record of highly continuous and systematic observations. In this article, we present results of a survey of aurora-like phenomena in ADB, spanning from BCE 652 to BCE 61. We have found nine records of aurora-like phenomena. Philological and scientific examinations suggest that five of them can be considered as likely candidate for aurora observations. They provide unique information about the solar and aurora activities in the first millennium BCE. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

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