Departmental Bulletin Paper 20世紀初頭におけるラオの終末 -- 救済観念とピー信仰 : 4巻の縁起本と「有徳者」の語りの分析から
Spiritual Beliefs and Eschatological Salvation of the Lao: An Analysis of the Four Palm Leaf Manuscripts and Words of Holy Men during the Early Twentieth Century

若曽根, 了太

54 ( 2 )  , pp.237 - 260 , 2017-01-31 , 京都大学東南アジア地域研究研究所
In their research on the “Holy Manʼs Rebellion, ” a millenarian movement that occurred in Thailand and Laos during the early twentieth century, historians have uncovered the concept of eschatology and belief in Maitreya. However, the idea of the eschatological salvation of the Lao, as derived from the Four Palm Leaf Manuscripts, has not yet been revealed. In addition, we do not know whether the Holy Manʼs Rebellion, in accordance with the tenets of Buddhism, was what influenced the spiritual belief systems of Lao society. Hence, in this study, we aim to reveal the concept of eschatological salvation and its connection with Cakkavatti, as well as the historical meaning of the Holy Manʼs Rebellion, in the context of Lao spiritual beliefs. We achieve this aim by analyzing the Four Palm Leaf Manuscripts that were handed down to temples, and also through the holy menʼs preaching to the Lao. We found that the eschatological savior of the Lao in the beginning of the twentieth century was a Cakkavatti; this belief was reflected in the divine right of kings. Furthermore, the holy men considered spiritual beliefs as being lower than Buddhist beliefs. This suggests that the words of holy men, who spoke hierarchically about Buddhism and spiritual beliefs, were spread among a wide range of peoples and became embedded within Lao society. Therefore, we discovered that there was significant meaning to the Laoʼs thoughts about subjectivity as well as the historical significance of the Holy Manʼs Rebellion.

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