286 , 2016-08 , Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University
The spawning of Muslim philanthropic associations signifies an increasingly visible Islamic social and political activism, in Indonesia as elsewhere in the Muslim world. Acting as non-state welfare providers, the associations provide "social security" to poor and disadvantaged groups as a means of promoting the public good. In the intricate relationship between state and citizen in the world's largest Muslim country, Muslim philanthropic ideals of promoting the well-being of the community (ummah) are in turn contested. Will they lead to a more democratic citizenship or to new types of clientelistic relations within a plural society? This research deals with the following questions: To what extent are welfare issues perceived by Muslim philanthropic organizations as shaping a new debate over "citizenship"? Can the Islamic concept of ummah be reconciled with modern ideas of citizenship?