Departmental Bulletin Paper ウレアーゼ産生菌による尿路感染に伴う高アンモニア血症から意識障害を発症した1例
A Case of Hyperammonemia Caused by Urinary Tract Infection Due to Urease-Producing Bacteria

江村, 正博  ,  土橋, 一成  ,  清水, 洋祐  ,  金丸, 聰淳  ,  的場, 俊  ,  伊藤, 哲之

62 ( 8 )  , pp.421 - 425 , 2016-08-31 , 泌尿器科紀要刊行会
We present here a rare case of hyperammonemia without liver dysfunction or portal-systemic shunting. The patient was an 80-year-old woman with a history of neurogenic bladder. She was admitted to a nearby hospital for vomiting, diarrhea and consciousness disturbance. Two days after admission, she was transferred to our hospital because of persistant consciousness disturbance. Laboratory data revealed hyperammonemia, but there was no indication of liver dysfunction. Moreover abdominal computed tomography did not reveal any clear finding of liver disease or portal-systemic shunting, but we noted multiple large bladder diverticula. Antibiotic therapy, tracheal intubation, ventilator management and bladder catheterization were performed. The patient’s level of consciousness improved rapidly. Urinary culture revealed Bacteroides ureolyticus (urease-producing bacteria). The patient was diagnosed with hyperammonemia and a urinary tract infection due to urease-producing bacteria. Thus, physicians should be aware that obstructive urinary tract infections due to urease-producing bacteria can also be the cause of hyperammonemia.

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