Journal Article Hospitalization risk factors for children's lower respiratory tract infection: A population-based, cross-sectional study in Mongolia.

Dagvadorj, Amarjargal  ,  Ota, Erika  ,  Shahrook, Sadequa  ,  Baljinnyam Olkhanud, Purevdorj  ,  Takehara, Kenji  ,  Hikita, Naoko  ,  Bavuusuren, Bayasgalantai  ,  Mori, Rintaro  ,  Nakayama, Takeo

62016-04-19 , Nature Publishing Group
This study aimed to assess the potential risk factors for lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI)-related hospital admissions in Mongolian children. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in rural Mongolia in 2013, and 1, 013 mother–child pairs were included. Of the participating children, 38. 9% were admitted to hospital with LRTIs. Home smoking, low birthweight, being a male child, exclusive breastfeeding and healthcare-seeking behaviour showed substantial association with LRTI-related hospital admissions. Number of cigarettes smoked by family members showed a dose-response relationship and increased hospital admissions. Strategies to prevent second-hand-smoke exposure from adult smokers, especially inside the home, are crucial to preventing LRTI-related hospital admissions for children in Mongolia. Improving rates of exclusive breastfeeding and increasing birthweight have great potential to decrease the likelihood of children acquiring a LRTI. Educational initiatives are also necessary for women who are less likely to seek out care for their children's symptoms.

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