Journal Article Real-time observations of lithium battery reactions-operando neutron diffraction analysis during practical operation.

Taminato, Sou  ,  Yonemura, Masao  ,  Shiotani, Shinya  ,  Kamiyama, Takashi  ,  Torii, Shuki  ,  Nagao, Miki  ,  Ishikawa, Yoshihisa  ,  Mori, Kazuhiro  ,  Fukunaga, Toshiharu  ,  Onodera, Yohei  ,  Naka, Takahiro  ,  Morishima, Makoto  ,  Ukyo, Yoshio  ,  Adipranoto, Dyah Sulistyanintyas  ,  Arai, Hajime  ,  Uchimoto, Yoshiharu  ,  Ogumi, Zempachi  ,  Suzuki, Kota  ,  Hirayama, Masaaki  ,  Kanno, Ryoji

62016-06-30 , Springer Nature
充放電しているリチウム電池の内部挙動の解析に成功―中性子線を用い非破壊かつリアルタイム観測により実現―. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2016-07-06.
Among the energy storage devices for applications in electric vehicles and stationary uses, lithium batteries typically deliver high performance. However, there is still a missing link between the engineering developments for large-scale batteries and the fundamental science of each battery component. Elucidating reaction mechanisms under practical operation is crucial for future battery technology. Here, we report an operando diffraction technique that uses high-intensity neutrons to detect reactions in non-equilibrium states driven by high-current operation in commercial 18650 cells. The experimental system comprising a time-of-flight diffractometer with automated Rietveld analysis was developed to collect and analyse diffraction data produced by sequential charge and discharge processes. Furthermore, observations under high current drain revealed inhomogeneous reactions, a structural relaxation after discharge, and a shift in the lithium concentration ranges with cycling in the electrode matrix. The technique provides valuable information required for the development of advanced batteries.

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