Journal Article Transient lattice contraction in the solid-to-plasma transition.

Ferguson, Ken R  ,  Bucher, Maximilian  ,  Gorkhover, Tais  ,  Boutet, Sébastien  ,  Fukuzawa, Hironobu  ,  Koglin, Jason E  ,  Kumagai, Yoshiaki  ,  Lutman, Alberto  ,  Marinelli, Agostino  ,  Messerschmidt, Marc  ,  Nagaya, Kiyonobu  ,  Turner, Jim  ,  Ueda, Kiyoshi  ,  Williams, Garth J  ,  Bucksbaum, Philip H  ,  Bostedt, Christoph

2 ( 1 ) 2016-01-29 , American Association for the Advancement of Science
X線自由電子レーザーに照射された微粒子が縮んだ -超強力X線パルスによる プラズマ生成初期過程での体積収縮を発見-. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2016-02-01.
In condensed matter systems, strong optical excitations can induce phonon-driven processes that alter their mechanical properties. We report on a new phenomenon where a massive electronic excitation induces a collective change in the bond character that leads to transient lattice contraction. Single large van der Waals clusters were isochorically heated to a nanoplasma state with an intense 10-fs x-ray (pump) pulse. The structural evolution of the nanoplasma was probed with a second intense x-ray (probe) pulse, showing systematic contraction stemming from electron delocalization during the solid-to-plasma transition. These findings are relevant for any material in extreme conditions ranging from the time evolution of warm or hot dense matter to ultrafast imaging with intense x-ray pulses or, more generally, any situation that involves a condensed matter-to-plasma transition.

Number of accesses :  

Other information