Journal Article Cytoprotective effects of lysophospholipids from sea cucumber Holothuria atra

Nishikawa, Yoshifumi  ,  Furukawa, Ayumi  ,  Shiga, Ikumi  ,  Muroi, Yoshikage  ,  Ishii, Toshiaki  ,  Hongo, Yayoi  ,  Takahashi, Shunya  ,  Sugawara, Tatsuya  ,  Koshino, Hiroyuki  ,  Ohnishi, Masao

10 ( 8 ) 2015-08-14 , Public Library of Science
Lysophospholipids are important signaling molecules in animals and metazoan cells. They are widely distributed among marine invertebrates, where their physiological roles are unknown. Sea cucumbers produce unique lysophospholipids. In this study, two lysophospholipids were detected in Holothuria atra for the first time, lyso-platelet activating factor and lysophosphatidylcholine, with nuclear magnetic resonance and liquid chromatography- time-of-flight mass spectrometric analyses. The lipid fraction of H. atra contained lyso-platelet activating factor and lysophosphatidylcholine, and inhibited H2O2-induced apoptosis in the macrophage cell line J774A.1. The antioxidant activity of the lysophospholipid-containing lipid fraction of H. atra was confirmed with the oxygen radical absorbance capacity method. Our results suggest that the lysophospholipids from H. atra are potential therapeutic agents for the inflammation induced by oxidative stress.

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