Journal Article Rationale, design, and profile of Comprehensive Registry of In-Hospital Intensive Care for OHCA Survival (CRITICAL) study in Osaka, Japan.

Yamada, Tomoki  ,  Kitamura, Tetsuhisa  ,  Hayakawa, Koichi  ,  Yoshiya, Kazuhisa  ,  Irisawa, Taro  ,  Abe, Yoshio  ,  Ishiro, Megumi  ,  Uejima, Toshifumi  ,  Ohishi, Yasuo  ,  Kaneda, Kazuhisa  ,  Kiguchi, Takeyuki  ,  Kishi, Masashi  ,  Kishimoto, Masafumi  ,  Nakao, Shota  ,  Nishimura, Tetsuro  ,  Hayashi, Yasuyuki  ,  Morooka, Takaya  ,  Izawa, Junichi  ,  Shimamoto, Tomonari  ,  Hatakeyama, Toshihiro  ,  Matsuyama, Tasuku  ,  Kawamura, Takashi  ,  Shimazu, Takeshi  ,  Iwami, Taku

42016-01-26 , BioMed Central Ltd.
[Background] We established a multi-center, prospective cohort that could provide appropriate therapeutic strategies such as criteria for the introduction and the effectiveness of in-hospital advanced treatments, including percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), target temperature management, and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. [Methods] In Osaka Prefecture, Japan, we registered all consecutive patients who were suffering from an OHCA for whom resuscitation was attempted and who were then transported to institutions participating in this registry since July 1, 2012. A total of 11 critical care medical centers and one hospital with an emergency care department participated in this registry. The primary outcome was neurological status after OHCA, defined as cerebral performance category (CPC) scale. [Results] A total of 688 OHCA patients were documented between July 2012 and December 2012. Of them, 657 were eligible for our analysis. Patients’ average age was 66.2 years old, and male patients accounted for 66.2 %. The proportion of OHCAs having a cardiac origin was 50.4 %. The proportion as first documented rhythm of ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia was 11.6 %, pulseless electrical activity 23.4 %, and asystole 54.5 %. After hospital arrival, 10.5 % received defibrillation, 90.8 % tracheal intubation, 3.0 % ECPR, 3.5 % PCI, and 83.1 % adrenaline administration. The proportions of 90-day survival and CPC 1/2 at 90 days after OHCAs were 5.9 and 3.0 %, respectively. [Conclusions] The Comprehensive Registry of In-hospital Intensive Care for OHCA Survival (CRITICAL) study will enroll over 2000 OHCA patients every year. It is still ongoing without a set termination date in order to provide valuable information regarding appropriate therapeutic strategies for OHCA patients (UMIN000007528).

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