Journal Article Hypothesis of long-term outcome after coronary revascularization in japanese patients compared to multiethnic groups in the US

Inohara, Taku  ,  Kohsaka, Shun  ,  Goto, Masashi  ,  Furukawa, Yutaka  ,  Fukushima, Masanori  ,  Sakata, Ryuzo  ,  Elayda, MacArthur  ,  Wilson, James M.  ,  Kimura, Takeshi

10 ( 5 ) 2015-05-29 , Public Library of Science
Background; Ethnicity has a significant impact on coronary artery disease (CAD). This study investigated the long-term outcomes of Japanese patients undergoing revascularization compared with US patients belonging to multiple ethnic groups. Methods and Results; We evaluated clinical outcomes, based on ethnicity, of patients included in the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome (CREDO-Kyoto) and the Texas (US) Heart Institute Research Database (THIRDBase) registries. For the analysis, we included 8871 patients from the CREDO-Kyoto registry (median follow-up period [FU], 3.5 years; interquartile range [IQR], 2.6-4.3) and 6717 patients from the THIRDBase registry (FU, 5.2 years; IQR, 3.8-6.5) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention or bypass surgery. Cox proportional hazard models were constructed to compare the adjusted long-term outcomes for each ethnic group. A total of 8871 Japanese, 5170 Caucasians, 648 African-Americans, 817 Hispanics, and 82 Asian-Americans were identified. When adjusted, Japanese patients had significantly better outcomes than US patients, classified by ethnicity (Caucasians: hazard ratio [HR], 1.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-1.79; Hispanics: HR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.22-1.93; African-Americans: HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.62-2.56), except for Asian-Americans (HR, 0.84; 95% CI. 0.38-1.89) who had outcomes similar to Japanese patients. Conclusion; Our findings indicate better survival outcomes in re-vascularized Japanese CAD patients compared to major ethnic groups in the US, including Caucasian, Hispanic, and African-American CAD patients. The characteristics and outcomes of Japanese CAD patients were similar to those of Asian-Americans, despite the sample size limitations in the US dataset.

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