Journal Article Infantile Pain Episodes Associated with Novel Nav1.9 Mutations in Familial Episodic Pain Syndrome in Japanese Families.

Okuda, Hiroko  ,  Noguchi, Atsuko  ,  Kobayashi, Hatasu  ,  Kondo, Daiki  ,  Harada, Kouji H  ,  Youssefian, Shohab  ,  Shioi, Hirotomo  ,  Kabata, Risako  ,  Domon, Yuki  ,  Kubota, Kazufumi  ,  Kitano, Yutaka  ,  Takayama, Yasunori  ,  Hitomi, Toshiaki  ,  Ohno, Kousaku  ,  Saito, Yoshiaki  ,  Asano, Takeshi  ,  Tominaga, Makoto  ,  Takahashi, Tsutomu  ,  Koizumi, Akio

11 ( 5 ) 2016-05-25 , Public Library of Science
乳幼児期に特異的な手足の痛み発作を起こす病気を見つけ原因を解明 -この病気を小児四肢疼痛発作症と命名-. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2016-05-27.
Painful peripheral neuropathy has been correlated with various voltage-gated sodium channel mutations in sensory neurons. Recently Nav1.9, a voltage-gated sodium channel subtype, has been established as a genetic influence for certain peripheral pain syndromes. In this study, we performed a genetic study in six unrelated multigenerational Japanese families with episodic pain syndrome. Affected participants (n = 23) were characterized by infantile recurrent pain episodes with spontaneous mitigation around adolescence. This unique phenotype was inherited in an autosomal-dominant mode. Linkage analysis was performed for two families with 12 affected and nine unaffected members, and a single locus was identified on 3p22 (LOD score 4.32). Exome analysis (n = 14) was performed for affected and unaffected members in these two families and an additional family. Two missense variants were identified: R222H and R222S in SCN11A. Next, we generated a knock-in mouse model harboring one of the mutations (R222S). Behavioral tests (Hargreaves test and cold plate test) using R222S and wild-type C57BL/6 (WT) mice, young (8-9 weeks old; n = 10-12 for each group) and mature (36-38 weeks old; n = 5-6 for each group), showed that R222S mice were significantly (p < 0.05) more hypersensitive to hot and cold stimuli than WT mice. Electrophysiological studies using dorsal root ganglion neurons from 8-9-week-old mice showed no significant difference in resting membrane potential, but input impedance and firing frequency of evoked action potentials were significantly increased in R222S mice compared with WT mice. However, there was no significant difference among Nav1.9 (WT, R222S, and R222H)-overexpressing ND7/23 cell lines. These results suggest that our novel mutation is a gain-of-function mutation that causes infantile familial episodic pain. The mouse model developed here will be useful for drug screening for familial episodic pain syndrome associated with SCN11A mutations.

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