Journal Article Genetic profiles of Propionibacterium acnes and identification of a unique transposon with novel insertion sequences in sarcoid and non-sarcoid isolates

Minegishi, Kana  ,  Watanabe, Takayasu  ,  Furukawa, Asuka  ,  Uchida, Keisuke  ,  Suzuki, Yoshimi  ,  Akashi, Takumi  ,  Maruyama, Fumito  ,  Nakagawa, Ichiro  ,  Eishi, Yoshinobu

52015-05-12 , Nature Publishing Group
Propionibacterium acnes is one of the most commonly implicated etiologic agents of sarcoidosis. We previously reported a complete genome sequence of the C1 strain of P. acnes as a clinical isolate from subcutaneous granulomatous inflammatory lesions in a patient with sarcoidosis. In the present study, we initially searched for genetic profiles specific to the C1 strain by core genome analysis and multiple genome alignment with database sequences from 76 and 9 P. acnes strains, respectively. The analysis revealed that the C1 strain was phylogenetically independent and carried an 18.8-kbp transposon sequence unique to the sarcoid isolate. The unique composite transposon comprised a novel insertion sequence and extrinsic genes from bacteria other than P. acnes. Multilocus sequence typing using 24 sarcoid and 36 non-sarcoid isolates revealed a total of 28 sequence types (STs), including ST26, which was most frequently found without specificity for sarcoid isolates. All 13 ST26 isolates exhibited cell-invasiveness and were confirmed to carry the novel insertion sequence and 4 of the 27 extrinsic CDSs in the transposon, with one exception. ST26 of P. acnes with the composite transposon is the most unique strain detected to date and should be further examined as a causative strain of sarcoidosis.

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