Journal Article Efficient long-term survival of cell grafts after myocardial infarction with thick viable cardiac tissue entirely from pluripotent stem cells

Matsuo, Takehiko  ,  Masumoto, Hidetoshi  ,  Tajima, Shuhei  ,  Ikuno, Takeshi  ,  Katayama, Shiori  ,  Minakata, Kenji  ,  Ikeda, Tadashi  ,  Yamamizu, Kohei  ,  Tabata, Yasuhiko  ,  Sakata, Ryuzo  ,  Yamashita, Jun K.

52015-11-20 , Nature Publishing Group
心臓組織シートを、細胞が生きた状態で簡便に積層化する方法の開発. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2015-11-27.
Poor engraftment of cells after transplantation to the heart is a common and unresolved problem in the cardiac cell therapies. We previously generated cardiovascular cell sheets entirely from pluripotent stem cells with cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells and vascular mural cells. Though sheet transplantation showed a better engraftment and improved cardiac function after myocardial infarction, stacking limitation (up to 3 sheets) by hypoxia hampered larger structure formation and long-term survival of the grafts. Here we report an efficient method to overcome the stacking limitation. Insertion of gelatin hydrogel microspheres (GHMs) between each cardiovascular cell sheet broke the viable limitation via appropriate spacing and fluid impregnation with GHMs. Fifteen sheets with GHMs (15-GHM construct; >1mm thickness) were stacked within several hours and viable after 1 week in vitro. Transplantation of 5-GHM constructs (≈2×106 of total cells) to a rat myocardial infarction model showed rapid and sustained functional improvements. The grafts were efficiently engrafted as multiple layered cardiovascular cells accompanied by functional capillary networks. Large engrafted cardiac tissues (0.8mm thickness with 40 cell layers) successfully survived 3 months after TX. We developed an efficient method to generate thicker viable tissue structures and achieve long-term survival of the cell graft to the heart.

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