Journal Article Towards a holographic Bose-Hubbard model

Fujita, Mitsutoshi  ,  Harrison, Sarah M.  ,  Karch, Andreas  ,  Meyer, René  ,  Paquette, Natalie M.

20152015-04 , Springer Berlin Heidelberg
We present a holographic construction of the large-N Bose-Hubbard model. The model is based on Maxwell fields coupled to charged scalar fields on the AdS<inf>2</inf> hard wall. We realize the lobe-shaped phase structure of the Bose-Hubbard model and find that the model admits Mott insulator ground states in the limit of large Coulomb repulsion. In the Mott insulator phases, the bosons are localized on each site. At zero hopping we find that the transitions between Mott insulating phases with different fillings correspond to first order level-crossing phase transitions. At finite hopping we find a holographic phase transition between the Mott phase and a non-homogeneous phase. We then analyze the perturbations of fields around both the Mott insulator phase and inhomogeneous phase. We find almost zero modes in the non-homogeneous phase.

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