Journal Article Culture temperature affects human chondrocyte messenger RNA expression in monolayer and pellet culture systems

Ito, Akira  ,  Nagai, Momoko  ,  Tajino, Junichi  ,  Yamaguchi, Shoki  ,  Iijima, Hirotaka  ,  Zhang, Xiangkai  ,  Aoyama, Tomoki  ,  Kuroki, Hiroshi

10 ( 5 ) 2015-05-26 , Public Library of Science
Cell-based therapy has been explored for articular cartilage regeneration. Autologous chondrocyte implantation is a promising cell-based technique for repairing articular cartilage defects. However, there are several issues such as chondrocyte de-differentiation. While numerous studies have been designed to overcome some of these issues, only a few have focused on the thermal environment that can affect chondrocyte metabolism and phenotype. In this study, the effects of different culture temperatures on human chondrocyte metabolism- and phenotype-related gene expression were investigated in 2D and 3D environments. Human chondrocytes were cultured in a monolayer or in a pellet culture system at three different culture temperatures (32° C, 37° C, and 41° C) for 3 days. The results showed that the total RNA level, normalized to the threshold cycle value of internal reference genes, was higher at lower temperatures in both culture systems. Glyceraldehyde-3- phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and citrate synthase (CS), which are involved in glycolysis and the citric acid cycle, respectively, were expressed at similar levels at 32° C and 37° C in pellet cultures, but the levels were significantly lower at 41° C. Expression of the chondrogenic markers, collagen type IIA1 (COL2A1) and aggrecan (ACAN), was higher at 37° C than at 32° C and 41° C in both culture systems. However, this phenomenon did not coincide with SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 9 (SOX9), which is a fundamental transcription factor for chondrogenesis, indicating that a SOX9-independent pathway might be involved in this phenomenon. In conclusion, the expression of chondrocyte metabolism-related genes at 32° C was maintained or enhanced compared to that at 37° C. However, chondrogenesis-related genes were further induced at 37° C in both culture systems. Therefore, manipulating the culture temperature may be an advantageous approach for regulating human chondrocyte metabolic activity and chondrogenesis.

Number of accesses :  

Other information