54 , 2016-03 , The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
For several centuries, the Bantu and the Bakola/Bagyelli have lived, shared forests and land, and maintained social relationships in southwestern Cameroon. This fraternal cohabitation can be described as a 'necessary evil' for both ethnic groups. This article begins by describing the historical relationship between the Bantu and the Bakola/Bagyelli. Next, it analyzes the context of the conflict between them, focusing specifically on three points: (1) differences in value judgments, (2) differences in livelihood, and (3) problems related to ownership of forests and land. Finally, it presents possible solutions.