Journal Article Synthesis of emissive water-soluble network polymers based on polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane and their application as optical sensors for discriminating the particle size

Kakuta, Takahiro  ,  Tanaka, Kazuo  ,  Chujo, Yoshiki

3 ( 48 )  , pp.12539 - 12545 , 2015-10-28 , Royal Society of Chemistry
Accepted 19 Oct 2015
We report organic‒inorganic hybrid gels composed of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-based network polymers and their variable emission properties depended on the size of coexisting silica particles (SPs). The POSS networks were constructed from octaammonium POSS by connecting with bithiophene dicarboxylic acid. By modulating the feed ratio of the bithiophene linker, the series of the POSS networks were obtained with various cross-linking ratios among the POSS units. The POSS networks showed good water-solubility and emissions originated from the bithiophene linkers in water. Initially, it was observed that the POSS networks with relatively-lower cross-linking ratio showed the higher affinity to SPs. The increase of the affinity was observed from all POSS networks to the small-sized SPs. Interestingly, it was found that the emission properties were varied simply by adding the silica particles into the sample. In the presence of the nanoparticles dispersed in the sample, the red-shifted emission of the POSS network was induced. On the other hand, the blue-shifted emission was observed from the samples containing the microparticles. These peak shifts depended on the size of coexisting particles should originate from the polarity changes around the bithiophene cross-linkers induced by the adsorption of the POSS networks onto the particle surfaces. These emission characteristics could be applicable for developing a facile optical chmosensor for discriminating the size of the nanomaterials.

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