Journal Article Structural and electronic features of binary Li(2)S-P(2)S(5) glasses.

Ohara, Koji  ,  Mitsui, Akio  ,  Mori, Masahiro  ,  Onodera, Yohei  ,  Shiotani, Shinya  ,  Koyama, Yukinori  ,  Orikasa, Yuki  ,  Murakami, Miwa  ,  Shimoda, Keiji  ,  Mori, Kazuhiro  ,  Fukunaga, Toshiharu  ,  Arai, Hajime  ,  Uchimoto, Yoshiharu  ,  Ogumi, Zempachi

62016-02-19 , Nature Publishing Group
次世代硫化物ガラス電解質の構造解明に成功 -複雑なガラス構造中のリチウムイオン伝導制御に期待-. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2016-02-22.
The atomic and electronic structures of binary Li2S-P2S5 glasses used as solid electrolytes are modeled by a combination of density functional theory (DFT) and reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) simulation using synchrotron X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy data. The ratio of PSx polyhedral anions based on the Raman spectroscopic results is reflected in the glassy structures of the 67Li2S-33P2S5, 70Li2S-30P2S5, and 75Li2S-25P2S5 glasses, and the plausible structures represent the lithium ion distributions around them. It is found that the edge sharing between PSx and LiSy polyhedra increases at a high Li2S content, and the free volume around PSx polyhedra decreases. It is conjectured that Li(+) ions around the face of PSx polyhedra are clearly affected by the polarization of anions. The electronic structure of the DFT/RMC model suggests that the electron transfer between the P ion and the bridging sulfur (BS) ion weakens the positive charge of the P ion in the P2S7 anions. The P2S7 anions of the weak electrostatic repulsion would causes it to more strongly attract Li(+) ions than the PS4 and P2S6 anions, and suppress the lithium ionic conduction. Thus, the control of the edge sharing between PSx and LiSy polyhedra without the electron transfer between the P ion and the BS ion is expected to facilitate lithium ionic conduction in the above solid electrolytes.

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