Journal Article (61)Ni synchrotron radiation-based Mössbauer spectroscopy of nickel-based nanoparticles with hexagonal structure.

Masuda, Ryo  ,  Kobayashi, Yasuhiro  ,  Kitao, Shinji  ,  Kurokuzu, Masayuki  ,  Saito, Makina  ,  Yoda, Yoshitaka  ,  Mitsui, Takaya  ,  Hosoi, Kohei  ,  Kobayashi, Hirokazu  ,  Kitagawa, Hiroshi  ,  Seto, Makoto

62016-02-17 , Nature Publishing Group
ニッケルナノ粒子の放射光メスバウアー吸収分光測定に成功 --先端ナノ材料の機能発現メカニズムの解明に期待--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2016-02-18.
We measured the synchrotron-radiation (SR)-based Mössbauer spectra of Ni-based nanoparticles with a hexagonal structure that were synthesised by chemical reduction. To obtain Mössbauer spectra of the nanoparticles without (61)Ni enrichment, we developed a measurement system for (61)Ni SR-based Mössbauer absorption spectroscopy without X-ray windows between the (61)Ni84V16 standard energy alloy and detector. The counting rate of the (61)Ni nuclear resonant scattering in the system was enhanced by the detection of internal conversion electrons and the close proximity between the energy standard and the detector. The spectrum measured at 4 K revealed the internal magnetic field of the nanoparticles was 3.4 ± 0.9 T, corresponding to a Ni atomic magnetic moment of 0.3 Bohr magneton. This differs from the value of Ni3C and the theoretically predicted value of hexagonal-close-packed (hcp)-Ni and suggested the nanoparticle possessed intermediate carbon content between hcp-Ni and Ni3C of approximately 10 atomic % of Ni. The improved (61)Ni Mössbauer absorption measurement system is also applicable to various Ni materials without (61)Ni enrichment, such as Ni hydride nanoparticles.

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